This was the 3rd ancient kingdom of Sri Lanka and held that title for over half a century. Situated near Kurunegala, it was once considered the capital and the remains of the rock fortress that served as the king’s operational hub can still be seen today. The end of its usage as a capital marked an important point in Sri Lanka’s history when the threat of foreign invaders was rising and so the kings were shifting down to the South West to better protect the country. What’s left of the rock fortress can be seen at Dambadeniya Pass and so can a few temples that date back to the 14th century.